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Move-out Cleaning and Deposit Refund Requirements

Be sure to give proper notice!  You will need to submit you intent to vacate in writing 30 days prior to wanting to move.  A “Notice to Vacate” form is available through your portal, or you may submit one at our office.


It is your responsibility to call Arbella Properties Inc. when you expect to be finished cleaning so you can schedule a move-out inspection and return keys.  Rent will be charged until keys are returned regardless of your stated move-out date.


Please provide your forwarding address so your deposit refund statement can be mailed to you.
Your refund statement will be mailed to you at the address provided within 30 days following your vacating the property and returning keys.


General Cleaning:

  • Walls and baseboards should be washed – marks, scuffs, grease & grime removed.
  • Remove all cob webs from walls & ceilings.
  • Wall and/or ceiling vent and registers should be washed.
  • Clean switch plates.
  • Fireplace(s) should be cleaned of all debris.
  • Light bulbs should be replaced as necessary.
  • Blinds and/or window coverings cleaned.
  • Everything must be removed from closets including coat hangers, and shelves cleaned.
  • Carpet must be well vacuumed in preparation for shampooing.  Carpet is required to be professionally shampooed.
  • All floors must be cleaned and mopped.
  • HVAC filter(s) replaced and smoke detector batteries replaced.
  • Windows must be washed and sills dusted and cleaned with damp cloth and window runners and tracks clean.

Yard:

  • Must be mowed, all beds weeded, well groomed and watered.
  • If pets, waste must be cleaned up.
  • Trash in cans and placed out for pick-up.
  • Patios and decks must be clean and swept.
  • Storage areas must be empty and swept.

Garage:

  • Remove all personal items and garbage.
  • Sweep floor and wipe shelving off.

Kitchen:

  • Clean refrigerator, shelves and freezer.  Unplug and pull the refrigerator out away from the wall with door open
  • Clean underneath and behind refrigerator.  After cleaning, re-plug the refrigerator and leave it running.
  • Clean cupboards, under sink and baseboards.
  • Clean under burners, controls, rings, drip pans and stove top.  Wipe down front and sides of range.  Exhaust fan must be clean and grease free.
  • Clean oven – be sure to have all traces of oven cleaner wiped free.
  • Scour sinks and remove all stains.  Disposal should be clean and in working order.
  • Exterior faces of cupboards should be wiped down and grease free.
  • Dishwasher must be clean and in good working order.

Bathrooms:

  • Tub, shower, basin and toilet should be cleaned and sanitized.
  • Tile washed and grout cleaned.
  • Glass doors cleaned and soap scum removed.
  • Exhaust fans taken down and cleaned.
  • Vanity and cabinets cleaned.
  • Bathroom floors mopped and cleaned.
  • Faucets and fixtures polished.


WHAT IS ORDINARY WEAR AND TEAR?
Typical definition of ordinary is “That deterioration which occurs based upon the use of which the rental unit is intended and without negligence, carelessness, accident or misuse, or abuse of the premises or contents by the tenant or members of his household, or their invitees or guests.”


In other words, ordinary wear and tear is the natural and gradual deterioration of the apartment or home over time, which results from a tenant’s NORMAL use of the apartment or home.  For example, the carpeting in an apartment, or even the paint on the walls, wears out in the normal course of living.  Carpets become threadbare, and paint peels and cracks.  Even the most responsible tenant can’t prevent the aging process, and a court won’t make the tenant pay for damages resulting from that process.


Also, a court won’t hold the tenant responsible for damage arising from USING the apartment or home in a normal way.  For instance, an Illinois owner held back part of the security deposit to pay for repair of nail holes left behind by a tenant who had hung some pictures.  The tenant sued to get back his full security deposit.  The Illinois court said the nail holes were the result of ordinary wear and tear.  After all, hanging pictures is a normal incident of apartment living; it can reasonably be expected.


What’s Not Ordinary Wear and Tear?
A landlord can make a tenant pay for damages if the tenant helped the aging process along or didn’t use the apartment or home in a normal way.  A carpet worn from people walking on it is something you have to expect.  But a tenant who cuts a hole in the carpet or spills paint on it may be held responsible for the damage.

 

How can you tell what is and what isn’t ordinary wear and tear?  There are three basic types of damages caused by a tenant that aren’t considered ordinary wear and tear.  They are:


1.     Negligence.  If a tenant does something carelessly that the tenant should have known would cause damage, or if the tenant failed to do something that the tenant reasonable should have done to prevent damage, that’s negligence.  In short, did the tenant act prudently to preserve the property.

-       Failure to warn.    Another form of negligence is where the tenant fails to take steps that could prevent damage to the apartment or home.  Even the reasonable wear and tear exception shouldn’t insulate a tenant from responsibility if the tenant fails to let the management know when something goes wrong in the apartment that might later result in worse damage.


For example, if a window pane is cracked because of a faulty foundation, that’s not the tenant’s fault.  But if the tenant doesn’t tell the management that the crack is letting in water and the carpet below the window gets water damaged, the management may be able to argue that this extra damage was caused by the tenant’s failure to inform the management of the problem.


2.     Abuse/misuse. If the tenant knowingly or deliberately mistreats the property, or uses it for the wrong purposes, the damage the tenant causes isn’t ordinary wear and tear – it’s abuse and misuse.


For example, did the tenant slide furniture over an unprotected floor, causing gouges?  Or did the tenant discolor the bathtub by using it to dye fabrics?  Was the tenant an artist who failed to cover the floor as the tenant painted, leaving permanent stains on the carpet?    Did the tenant paint the walls of the apartment or home black?


One court decision said a tenant had to pay for leaving an apartment carpet mutilated in an area around a wet bar, damaged by rust and mildew stains from plant containers, and covered with cigarette burns – some clear through the pad.

3.     Accident.  Sometimes damage occurs by mistake.  The tenant party guest drops a drink on the new carpet, staining it.  The tenant drops a heavy planter and cracks the tile floor.  Or the tenant’s cleaning the light and the fixture falls and breaks.  Or the tenant accidentally leaves the bathtub faucet on, flooding part of the apartment or home and staining wood floors and carpeting.  Even though the tenant didn’t purposely damage the property, the management will withhold the cost of repair from the security deposit.


Other Factors
In evaluating whether apartment or home damage exceeds ordinary wear and tear, there are some other factors to keep in mind.  They include:


Extent of damage.  The exact type of damage may be as important as the extent of the damage when evaluating whether it’s ordinary wear and tear or not.  For example, two or three nail holes in a wall may be considered ordinary wear and tear.  But dozens of nail holes may be considered abuse.  A few scratches on a wood floor are unavoidable.  But a missing wood plank is negligence or abuse.


Length of residence.  Certain things wear out over time.  But over how long?  The ordinary wear and tear on an apartment from a tenant who’s lived there only a short time should be considerably less than that of a tenant who’s lived there a long time.  Say new carpet was installed before renting an apartment or home.  It may be reasonable to expect that if a tenant lives there 10 years before moving out, everyday usage would leave it somewhat damaged.  But if a tenant moves out after only three months and the carpet is ripped and stained, that’s unreasonable, and the management can probably charge the tenant for the damage.


Character and construction of building.  An older building may be expected to undergo greater and more rapid deterioration than a newer building.  For example, wooden windowsills in an older building may dry out, rot or crack over time through no fault of the tenant.  But if the building is new, it is unlikely that the windowsills would crack without some carelessness on the tenant’s part (e.g., standing on the windowsill to hang drapes).

 

EXAMPLES OF WEAR AND TEAR VS. DAMAGES

Wear and Tear

Peeling/cracked paint.

-  Worn enamel in old bathtub.

-  Worn or cracked linoleum in place where appliances had been.

-  Cracked window pane due to faulty foundation and settling of building.

-  Carpet worn thin by people walking on it.

-  Door that sticks in humidity.

-  Small piece of wall plaster chipped.

-  Faded tile.

-  Fire damage due to faulty wiring.

-  Sink drainage slow due to old pipe system.

-  Floors need new coat of varnish.

-  Corner or piece of wallpaper coming loose because glue has aged.

-  Sliding closet doors stick.

-  Paint faded on kitchen walls.

-  Shower rod somewhat rusted.

-  Small amount of grouting in bathroom tile loose.

-  Faded window coverings.

 

Damages

-  Drawings on the walls (e.g., murals).

-  Chipped and broken enamel on bathtub.

-  Broken window caused by resident slamming window shut.

-  Holes in carpet from cigarette burns or carpet damaged by rust and mildew stains from tenant’s plant containers.

-  Large chunk of plaster ripped out of wall.

-  Painted-over kitchen or bathroom tile.

-  Missing fixtures; holes in ceiling where fixture had been removed.

-  Toilet backed up because tenant flushed cardboard or other object not intended to be flushed.

-  Floors gouged when moving furniture.

-  Wallpaper missing where tenant tore it off wall.

-  Sliding closet doors off track because track bent.

-  Walls burned in kitchen from burner turned too high when pot on stove.

-  Shower rod missing.

-  Tiles missing or cracked.

-  Torn window shade or broken blinds.

 

Tenant Links

Portal Log-in


Log-in to your secure portal to pay rent on-line, view balance, payments, work orders or communicate directly with the management staff.

 

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